Restricted Research - Award List, Note/Discussion Page

Fiscal Year: 2021

326  The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley  (84622)

Principal Investigator: Ferrer, Efrain

Total Amount of Contract, Award, or Gift (Annual before 2011): $ 180,000

Exceeds $250,000 (Is it flagged?): No

Start and End Dates: 9/1/20 - 8/31/23

Restricted Research: YES

Academic Discipline: N/A

Department, Center, School, or Institute: Physics and Astronomy

Title of Contract, Award, or Gift: RUI: Probing QCD with Magnetic Fields in the Multimessenger Astronomy Era

Name of Granting or Contracting Agency/Entity: National Science Foundation

Program Title: NSF 14-579 Facilitating Research at Primarily Undergraduate Institutions:
CFDA Linked: Mathematical and Physical Sciences


There are astrophysical objects named neutron stars (NS) so dense that a single thimbleful of its inner matter would have a mass of about 100 million tons. Quite often, these stellar objects are also permeated by very large magnetic fields. A special class of neutron stars, known as magnetars, can have surface magnetic fields fifteen orders of magnitude stronger than the sun’s, and even much stronger fields in their inner cores are expected to exist. A very important goal of the nuclear theory community is to model and investigate the properties of matter under these extreme conditions. The recent observations of gravitational waves generated by neutron star mergers and the subsequent detection of γ-ray bursts and other electromagnetic signals from the same source opened a new, very promising era of multimessenger astronomy – one that is pushing the boundaries of knowledge and understanding about the star’s composition, elements formation, and the evolution of our universe. In this multi-messenger era, observations including pulsar timing, γ-ray bursts, and gravitational waves detection are booming, so the pressure to identify models of star composition that can explain those observations is intensifying. This project is aligned with these efforts, trying to explore the matter phases that can exist at extreme conditions like high matter density and extremely strong magnetic fields. Graduate and undergraduate students will benefit through their participation in related research tasks.

Discussion: No discussion notes


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