Restricted Research - Award List, Note/Discussion Page

Fiscal Year: 2021

215  University of North Texas  (84511)

Principal Investigator: Scarborough III,William Joslyn

Total Amount of Contract, Award, or Gift (Annual before 2011): $ 53,112

Exceeds $250,000 (Is it flagged?): No

Start and End Dates: - 6/30/22

Restricted Research: YES

Academic Discipline: Sociology

Department, Center, School, or Institute: College of Lib Arts & Soc Sci

Title of Contract, Award, or Gift: Category X: Gender Identities Beyond the Binary - SBP: Social Identities in the 21st Century

Name of Granting or Contracting Agency/Entity: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois

Program Title: N/A
CFDA Linked: Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences


This is Restricted Research. This is Research-Basic. This proposal is for a multi-method study of gender structure with a focus on the emerging identity of non-binary (inclusive of labels such as gender non-conforming, gender-fluid, genderqueer, agender, and any other that emerges in this fast changing landscape). The major research aims of this study are as follows: 1) How and when did a non-binary gender identity emerge, and how fast has it been integrated into cultural discourse. For these analyses, we rely heavily on the textual analysis of Wikipedia, The Co PI William Scarborough will be responsible for managing this data collection and analysis. He has already developed expertise in these techniques, and has presented and published on the data (Scarborough, 2018). 2) How do those who hold this identity understand their own sex and gender, and the gender structure more broadly? Data to address these questions will be gathered by interviews and surveys. Are those who hold rigid stereotypes that feel oppressive most likely to reject a gender category? Or are those who understand gender as a social construct most likely to create a new category or reject the ones that currently exist? We will use the interview data to identify pathways to these new gender identities. Understanding the meaning given to gender by these non-binary respondents will also provide insight into what kinds of social policies are most useful for them (e.g. is “Category X” an effective policy change, and if not, what might be). The PI is primarily responsible for managing the qualitative data collection, as well as the recruitment of and interview work by the graduate research assistants in all three research sites. 3) The survey data will be collected from a wide range of institutions of higher education. We have chosen to do a three city design because recent research (Brown-Saracino 2017) suggests that LGBTQ identities may differ substantially according to community. We chose to sample from institutions of higher education because research suggests that the younger the population within the United States, the more people identify as non-binary. While little representative research exists, some research based on school samples (Hammack 2019) suggests that high school students in 2017 were even more likely to identify as non-binary than those before them, and they are now the group most likely to identify to be in college by the time we begin data collection in 2020. We will include multiple measures for sexual identity and gender identity and so contribute to ongoing work attempting to develop new and better survey measures for sex and gender. The research team chose institutions of higher education because while they do not only enroll young people, they are a sight from which to sample young adults who are in a generation which has had much exposure to the idea of non-binary gender, through the media and the internet as well as perhaps thru personal contacts, throughout their adolescence. The research team will analyze data focused on whether differences exist between non-binary respondents and the full sample on personal beliefs, interactional expectations of others, experiences of discrimination, and perceptions of hegemonic cultural gendered logics. The second set of analyses will explore whether experiences of the gender structure vary by race, ethnicity, region, and religion. Are there demographic or socialization variables that predict which differences between respondents? Does experience with people who reject the binary affect the responses of those who do not? The Co -PI will be primarily responsible for these quantitative analyses, with the involvement of both graduate and undergraduate research assistants at both the University of Texas at Denton North Texas and the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Discussion: No discussion notes


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